Obesity and Type 2 diabetes are both associated with low-grade inflammation. Among the possible pathomechanisms, their link to intestinal bacteria is becoming increasingly convincing. Evidence suggests that gut microbiota plays a key role in triggering inflammation and insulin resistance through various mechanisms, such as the translocation of bacteria or bacterial components that induces metabolic endotoxemia. Certain intestinal bacteria may also be either deleterious or beneficial to glucose homeostasis. Among these, the specific role of Akkermansia muciniphila is currently being investigated.
Obesity, diabetes, gut microbiota, Akkermansia muciniphila, inflammation